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Ibn Omairah:

Brief description of Ibn Omairah:

The Omani physician Rashid bin Omairah bin Thani bin Khalaf Al-Aini Al-Rustaqi


    He lived his life in the second half of the 9th century after Hijra (late 15th century AD to early 11th century after Hijra; 1019 after Hijra/1610 AD). He was born in Rustaq in a village called Aini where he also grew up. He wrote several manuscripts; most famous being is Fakihat Ibn Al-Sabil (Ibn Al-Sabil’s Fruit) in which he listed many diseases along with their treatment. He also allocated a place nearby his house for critical conditions and established a laboratory for preparing medicines.

    He was famous all over Oman by that time as he described the human organs, their functions and treatment in a precise and scientific manners that most of them correspond largely with the findings of the modern science.


This photo was taken from Ibn Alsabeel's manuscript featuring a diagram of the human eye and its parts.

The manuscript also illustrates the parts of the optic nerve from the eye to the brain in conformity with what the modern science discovered using advanced materials. This is a scientific foreknowledge that proves that Dr. Ibn Omaira did some lab anatomy resulted in accurate findings as he identified human organs and tissues and their functions. This helped him to develop treatments that commensurate to the components of every organ of the human body.

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